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Lesson 96: If one wants to be able to: ~(으)려면

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If one intends to: ~(으)려면




연기 = smoke
뒷맛 = aftertaste
경기장 = sports stadium
현관 = entrance room
인내 = patience/endurance
인내심 = patience
정치 = politics
식탁 = dinner table
소풍 = outing/picnic/excursion
서점 = bookstore
경치 = view/scenery
자기개발 = self improvement, self development

개발하다 = to develop
저축하다 = to save money
낭비하다 = to waste
찾아오다 = to visit, to come looking for
찾아가다 = to visit, to go looking for
취직하다 = to find a job
무시하다 = to ignore
반대하다 = to oppose
없애다 = to get rid of, to remove
힘쓰다 = to do something with a lot of effort

새콤하다 = to be sour

Adverbs and Other Words
= really/very/extremely
새해 = new years
활짝 = widely (open), fully (in bloom)

For help memorizing these words, try using our Memrise tool.



In this lesson, you will learn how to combine two previous grammatical principles to come up with ~(으)려면. Let’s get started.



If one intends to: ~()려면

In Lesson 32 you learned how to connect two clauses with ~(으)려고 to indicate that one does an action for the intent or purpose of doing another. For example:

소풍을 가려고 도시락을 쌌어요
= I packed a lunch box with the intent of going on a picnic

이제 취직을 하려고 이력서를 쓰고 있어요
= Now I am writing a resume with the intent of finding a job

In Lesson 43 you learned how to connect two clauses with ~(으)면 to create the meaning of “if” or “when.” For example:

식탁이 없으면 식사를 할 때 불편해요
= If there is no dinner table, having a meal is uncomfortable

그 사람이 저를 찾아오면 저한테 말해 주세요
= If that person comes looking for me, please tell me

~(으)려고 and ~(으)면 can combine to form ~(으)려면. Its meaning is a combination of the two put together, as if one were to say ~하려고 하면… . Korean grammatical principles can often combine and contract with each other like this. Now that you have a good base of many of the simple ones, you will see this type of thing often as you progress to later lessons. For example, ~한다고 해 often combines and contracts to ~하대 which you will learn in Lesson 102.

The combined grammatical principle ~(으)려면 creates the meaning of “if one intends to,” or sometimes more simply “if one wants to.”

Sentences with ~(으)려면 by their nature often end with ~아/어야 하다, ~이/가 필요하다 (Lesson 46) or imperative ending like ~세요 or 아/어라 (Lesson 40). Below are many examples:

그렇게 비싼 것을 사려면 돈이 많이 필요해요
= If you intend to buy something that expensive, you need a lot of money

서울에 가려면 지하철을 타세요!
= If you intend to go to Seoul, then take the subway!

주소를 바꾸려면 직접 와야 돼요
= If you intend to change your address, you should come in person

이 일을 끝내려면 인내심이 많이 필요해요
= If you intend to complete this task, you need a lot of patience

뒷맛을 없애려면 새콤한 것을 먹어야 돼요
= If you want to get rid of that aftertaste, you need to eat something sour

책을 반품하려면 서점에 직접 오셔야 됩니다
= If you want to return that book, you need to come to the bookstore in person

예쁜 경치를 보려면 아침 일찍 일어나야 돼요
= If you intend to see the beautiful scenery, you need to wake up early in the morning

문을 열려면 현관에서 직접 열쇠로 열어 주세요
= If you want to open the door, you need to come to the entrance in person with a key

새해를 맞이하려면 우선 새해 계획부터 짜야 해요
= If you want to bring in the new year, you need to first make plans for the new year

땅을 개발하려면 땅 주변 환경을 먼저 정리해야 돼요
= If you intend to develop the land, you must first organize/clear up the environment around it

그 경기를 재미있게 보려면 직접 경기장에서 봐야 해요
= If you want to watch that match in a fun way, you need to go watch it in person at the stadium

방 안에 있는 연기를 없애려면 창문을 활짝 열어 주세요
= If you want to get rid of the smoke in the room, open the window wide

자기개발에 힘쓰려면 돈을 낭비하지 말고 매달 저축하는 게 중요해요
= If you intend to work on improving yourself, don’t waste any money, and putting away money every month is important

이 일을 4시까지 끝내려면 중요하지 않은 부분은 무시해야 될 것 같아요
= If you intend to finish that job by 4:00, you should probably ignore the parts that aren’t important

That’s it for this lesson!

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