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Lesson 153: ~(으)려니까 – To intend to do, but

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Vocabulary
Introduction

~려니까
Usage 1
Usage 2

 

Vocabulary

Nouns:
말투 = one's way of speaking

Examples:
우리 부장님은 맨날 협박하는 말투로 말을 해요
= Our boss always speaks in a threatening voice

그 사람의 말투를 이해하려니까 사투리 공부를 더 해야 됐어요
= I tried to understand his way of speaking, so I had to study dialects more

시차 = time change

Examples:
다른 나라로 여행 갈 때는 시차에 주의해야 해요
= When traveling to another country, you need to be mindful of the time change

하루만에 시차를 극복하려니까 너무 피곤했어요
= I tried to overcome the time change in just one day, so I was so tired

산속 = inside a forest

Notes: You might look at this and think it should translate to “inside a mountain” or something like that. Korea is filled with mountains, and it’s usually the mountainous regions that are filled with forests.

Common Usages:
깊은 산속에 = deep in the forest

Examples:
빛나는 별을 보려니까 깊은 산속에 들어가야 돼서 못 갔어요
= We wanted to go see the shining stars, but we had to go deep into the forest so we didn’t go

정화 = purification

Common Usages:
정화수 = purified water
정화기 = filter
정화하다 = to purify

Examples:
물을 정화하려니까 정수기가 고장 났어요
= I tried to purify the water, but the water filter broke down

정화수 = purified water

Examples:
정화수를 만들려니까 정화기가 없네요
= I tried to make purified water, but we don’t have a filter

정화기 = filter

Examples:
정화수를 만들려니까 정화기가 없네요
= I tried to make purified water, but we don’t have a filter

정화기를 고치려니까 부품을 찾을 수 없었어요
= I tried to fix the filter, but I couldn’t find the parts

정화기를 설치하려니까 혼자서 할 수 없어서 친구를 불렀어요
= I tried to install the filter, but I couldn’t do it alone, so I called a friend

정수기 = water filter

Notes: This is the word that you would use to refer to the water-cooler-type machine that people gather around at offices.

Examples:
정수기를 고치려고 해요
= I’m going to fix the water filter

물을 정화하려니까 정수기가 고장 났어요
= I tried to purify the water, but the water filter broke down

출판사 = publisher

Examples:
출판사에 제출하려고 책을 쓸 거예요
= I’m going to write a book to send to a publisher

출판물 = publication

Examples:
출판물을 준비하려니까 자료를 많이 모아야 해요
= I tried to prepare the publication, so I had to gather a lot of materials

새 출판사를 찾으려니까 여러 출판물을 읽어 봤어요
= I tried to find a new publisher, so I read various publications

농사철 = farming season

Examples:
애완동물을 키우려니까 농사철에는 애완동물을 돌볼 시간이 부족해요
= I tried to raise pets, but during the farming season, I don’t have enough time

찬바람 = cold wind

Examples:
겨울에는 찬바람이 불어와서 따뜻한 옷을 입어야 해요
= In winter, cold winds blow, so you should wear warm clothes

밖에서 들어오는 찬바람을 막으려니까 테이프가 필요했어요
= I tried to block the cold wind blowing from the outside, so I needed tape

코뿔소 = rhinoceros

Examples:
동물원에는 큰 코뿔소가 한 마리 있었어요
= There was a large rhinoceros at the zoo

코뿔소가 이제 곧 나타나려니까 여기에서 빨리 도망가자
= The rhinoceros is about to appear, so let’s get out of here quickly

분리수거 = the process of separating one’s recycling

Examples:
제가 분리수거를 다 했으니까 이제 영화를 볼 수 있어요
= Now that I am finished the recycling, I can see a movie

분리수거를 하려니까 애완동물이 갑자기 놀아 달라고 했어요
= I tried to separate the recycling, but suddenly my pet kept asking me to play

애완동물 = pet animal

Examples:
많은 사람들은 고슴도치를 애완동물로 키워요
= A lot of people raise hedgehogs as pets

애완동물을 키우려니까 농사철에는 애완동물을 돌볼 시간이 부족해요
= I tried to raise pets, but during the farming season, I don’t have enough time

Verbs:
빛나다 = to shine

촛불이 밝게 빛나는 밤은 특별해요
= A night when candles shine brightly is special

반딧불이의 불은 밤에 매우 아름답게 빛나요
= The light of a firefly glows beautifully at night

허공에 나부끼는 별빛이 아름답게 빛나고 있었어요
= The starlight shimmered beautifully in the void of space

빛나는 별을 보려니까 깊은 산속에 들어가야 돼서 못 갔어요
= We wanted to go see the shining stars, but we had to go deep into the forest so we didn’t go

그 사람을 더욱 빛나게 하는 것은 위대한 업적뿐만 아니라 그 사람의 겸손한 자세이다
= What makes that person more likable is not just his great achievements but also his modest nature

떨리다 = to shake, to be nervous

Examples:
문을 두드리려니까 갑자기 손이 떨려서 못 했어요
= I tried to knock on the door, but suddenly my hand was shaking so I couldn’t do it

오늘 처음으로 시아버지 되실 분을 만나는 날이라 매우 떨려요
= Today is the day that I will meet my father in law to-be, so I am very nervous

앞서다 = to go ahead, to come before

Examples:
먼저 앞서서 준비해 둘게요
= I’ll go ahead and prepare in advance

경쟁자보다 앞서려니까 무리해서 일을 해서 몸이 안 좋아졌어요
= I tried to get ahead of my competitor, and by working too hard now my body isn’t good

웃기다 = to be funny

Examples:
그 코미디 영화는 정말 웃기고 유쾌해요
= That comedy movie is really funny and delightful

저는 그 상황이 터무니없이 웃겼어요
= I found the situation ridiculously funny

사람들을 웃기려니까 농담을 준비했어요
= I tried to be funny, so I prepared some jokes

출판하다 = to publish

Examples:
출판물을 준비하려니까 자료를 많이 모아야 해요
= I tried to prepare the publication, so I had to gather a lot of materials

새 출판사를 찾으려니까 여러 출판물을 읽어 봤어요
= I tried to find a new publisher, so I read various publications

방재하다 = to prevent against disasters

Examples:
홍수가 곧 나려니까 지금부터 방재해야 돼요
= A flood will likely come soon, so we need to start prevention now

홍수를 방재하려니까 지진의 위험이 높아졌어요
= We tried to prevent against the flood, but the danger of an earthquake happening went up

두드리다 = to knock

Examples:
한 밤중에 갑자기 누군가가 현관문을 두드려서 깜짝 놀랐어요
= In the dead of the night, somebody knocked on my door and it really surprised me

문을 두드리려니까 갑자기 손이 떨려서 못 했어요
= I tried to knock on the door, but suddenly my hand was shaking so I couldn’t do it

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Introduction

In this lesson, and the few lessons that follow, you will learn how to apply ~려 to create more complex meanings. In doing so, you will combine ~려 with some other grammatical principles. Let’s get started!

 

~려니까

In Lesson 32, you learned how to use ~(으)려고 to indicate that one intends to do an action. For example:

정수기를 고치려고 해요
= I’m going to fix the water filter

출판사에 제출하려고 책을 쓸 거예요
= I’m going to write a book to send to a publisher

Especially in speech, this is the way this grammatical principle is usually used. However, it is possible to not include ~고 and use ~(으)려 with no difference in meaning. For example:

정수기를 고치려 해요
= I’m going to fix the water filter

출판사에 제출하려 책을 쓸 거예요
= I’m going to write a book to send to a publisher

You learned in Lesson 81 how to use ~(으)니까 to provide an excuse as to why the second clause occurs. For example:

우리가 자주 여행을 가니까 애완동물을 못 키우겠어요
= We travel often, so we won’t be able to raise a pet

You also saw how ~(으)니까 can be used to provide information in one clause to affect the next clause. For example:

제가 분리수거를 다 했으니까 이제 영화를 볼 수 있어요
= Now that I am finished the recycling, I can see a movie

It is possible to attach ~(으)니까 to ~(으)려 to create a compound meaning. The meaning that is formed is the combination of the two grammatical principles put together.

Usage 1:

The speaker wanted to do something, but faced some alternate situation. This is in line with the two meanings described above, as ~(으)려 indicates the intention of the speaker and ~(으)니까 provides an excuse as to why it can’t happen. For example:

물을 정화하려니까 정수기가 고장 났어요
= I tried to purify the water, but the water filter broke down

정화수를 만들려니까 정화기가 없네요
= I tried to make purified water, but we don’t have a filter

친구들 앞에서 발표하려니까 너무 떨렸어요
= I tried to give the presentation, but I was too nervous

정화기를 고치려니까 부품을 찾을 수 없었어요
= I tried to fix the filter, but I couldn’t find the parts

홍수를 방재하려니까 지진의 위험이 높아졌어요
= We tried to prevent against the flood, but the danger of an earthquake happening went up

문을 두드리려니까 갑자기 손이 떨려서 못 했어요
= I tried to knock on the door, but suddenly my hand was shaking so I couldn’t do it

빛나는 별을 보려니까 깊은 산속에 들어가야 돼서 못 갔어요
= We wanted to go see the shining stars, but we had to go deep into the forest so we didn’t go

분리수거를 하려니까 애완동물이 갑자기 놀아 달라고 했어요
= I tried to separate the recycling, but suddenly my pet kept asking me to play

정화기를 설치하려니까 혼자서 할 수 없어서 친구를 불렀어요
= I tried to install the filter, but I couldn’t do it alone, so I called a friend

애완동물을 키우려니까 농사철에는 애완동물을 돌볼 시간이 부족해요
= I tried to raise pets, but during the farming season, I don’t have enough time

Usage 2:

The speaker indicates intention in the first clause and the result of the intention in the second clause. This is in line with the two meanings described above, as ~(으)려 indicates the intention of the speaker and ~(으)니까 provides information to affect the next clause.

사람들을 웃기려니까 농담을 준비했어요
= I tried to be funny, so I prepared some jokes

하루만에 시차를 극복하려니까 너무 피곤했어요
= I tried to overcome the time change in just one day, so I was so tired

출판물을 준비하려니까 자료를 많이 모아야 해요
= I tried to prepare the publication, so I had to gather a lot of materials

새 출판사를 찾으려니까 여러 출판물을 읽어 봤어요
= I tried to find a new publisher, so I read various publications

경쟁자보다 앞서려니까 더 열심히 노력해야 했어요
= I tried to get ahead of my competitor, so I had to work harder

밖에서 들어오는 찬바람을 막으려니까 테이프가 필요했어요
= I tried to block the cold wind blowing from the outside, so I needed tape

그 사람의 말투를 이해하려니까 사투리 공부를 더 해야 됐어요
= I tried to understand his way of speaking, so I had to study dialects more

경쟁자보다 앞서려니까 무리해서 일을 해서 몸이 안 좋아졌어요
= I tried to get ahead of my competitor, and by working too hard now my body isn’t good

In a similar manner to these types of sentences, the first clause can be a prediction of what is going to happen, and the second clause can be the action that will happen as a result of this prediction. For example:

홍수가 곧 나려니까 지금부터 방재해야 돼요
= A flood will likely come soon, so we need to start prevention now

친구가 곧 도착하려니까 여기서 조금 더 기다리자
= Our friend will arrive soon, so let’s wait here a bit longer

코뿔소가 이제 곧 나타나려니까 여기에서 빨리 도망가자
= The rhinoceros is about to appear, so let’s get out of here quickly

That’s it for this lesson!

Take me to the next lesson!

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