Hanja Lesson 2: 入, 出, 口, 上, 下

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In the previous lesson you learned the most important Hanja Characters. Not only were these characters common, but they also gave you a chance to start learning the basic stroke order of Hanja characters. All of the characters introduced in this lesson will follow the same rules as the last lesson, and are all important to know in your study of the Korean language.

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= = Enter/Entrance
(Korean name:
)

This is one of the characters that every Korean person is expected to know, as entrances in Korea commonly use the Hanja version of this word instead of the Korean equivalent.
Lesson 2 pic1redoCommon Words using this Character:
入구 = entrance
入장하다 = to enter
수入하다 = to import
入원하다 = to be hospitalized (to enter the hospital)

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= = Exit/To Exit
(Korean name:
)

The opposite of 入, this character can be found on exits in Korea. It is common to find this character used instead of its Korean equivalent. Notice that the major intersecting line is drawn after the top part is finished, but before the bottom part is started. As this line doesn’t intersect the line at the bottom, it is drawn first. However, this is another character where there could be variations to the stroke order depending on the governing body.

Lesson 2 pic2Common Words using this Character:
出구 = exit
出산 = childbirth
出발하다 = to depart
出국하다 = to leave a country
외出하다 = to go out/leave

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= = Mouth/Opening
(Korean name:
)

Often found coupled with 入 or 出 to denote that there is an opening (an entrance or exit) somewhere. Easy to remember because the character itself is simply an open square.

Lesson 2 pic3Common Words using this Character:
入口 = entrance
出口 = exit
出入口 = entrance/exit

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= = Above/High
(Korean name:
)

Most words that this character can be found in are difficult. However, it is commonly used by itself to denote that something is “high” or “above something.”Another character where the picture itself denotes the meaning.

Lesson 2 pic4Common Words using this Character:
인上하다 = to raise a price
천上 = heaven
지上 = above ground
上체 = upper body
上반기 = the first half

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= = Underneath/Below/Low
(Korean name:
아래 )

The opposite of 上. Commonly used by itself to denote that something is “low” or “beneath” something.

Lesson 2 pic5Common Words using this Character:
인下하다 = to lower a price
천下 = the world/earth
지下 = underground
下체 = lower body
下반기 = the second half


That’s it for this lesson!

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