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Lesson 99: Even if: ~더라도

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Vocabulary
Introduction

Even if: ~더라도

 

 

Vocabulary

Nouns:
도둑 = thief
상품 = products, goods
조건 = conditions/stipulations
기자 = journalist
기준 = standard criteria
술집 = bar
연료 = fuel
작가 = writer/author
통일 = unification
공공 = public
질서 = public order
전기 = electricity
입학 = admission to a school
국내 = inside the country
공간 = space, room
일부 = part/portion
영화표 = movie ticket
졸업생 = graduate from a school

Verbs:
튀다 = to bounce
마치다 = to finish
바라보다 = to look at
기여하다 = to contribute
악수하다 = to shake hands

Adverbs and Other Words:
반드시 = surely/definitely
제대로 = properly

 

 

Introduction

In this lesson, you will learn how to use ~더라도 as a connector between two clauses to mean “even if.” Let’s get started!

 

Even if: ~더라도

In Lesson 48, you learned how to add ~아/어도 to a sentence to create the meaning of “regardless of…”. For example:

한국과 북한이 통일을 해도 경제적인 문제가 많을 거예요
= Regardless of if Korea and North Korea reunify, there will be many economical problems

상품이 지금 창고에 도착해도 우리가 놓을 데가 없어요
= Regardless of if the products arrive at the warehouse now, we don’t have a place to put them

Attaching ~더라도 instead of ~아/어도 is more stressed. Specifically, it stresses that absolutely, regardless of what happens in the first clause, the second clause occurs. This often translates to “even if” in English. For example:

날씨가 춥더라도 꼭 오세요
= Even if it is cold, make sure that you come

시험을 잘 보더라도 입학하지 못할 것 같아요
= Even if I do well on the exam, I won’t be able to get into University

그 여자가 오더라도 그녀랑 얘기를 안 할 거예요
= Even if that girl comes, I’m not going to talk to her

그 소파를 방에서 옮기더라도 공간이 없을 거예요
= Even if you move the sofa from the room, there won’t be any space

이 시험을 잘 보더라도 국내 대학교에 입학하지 못할 거예요
= Even if you do well on this exam, you won’t be admitted to a university in the country

이 술집은 인기가 많아서 일찍 가더라도 입장할 수 없을지도 몰라요
= That bar is really popular, so even if we go early, I don’t know if we will get in

제대로 운동을 하더라도 스트레칭을 하지 않으면 효과가 별로 없어요
= Even if you exercise properly, if you don’t stretch, there isn’t much effect

그 작가를 만날 기회가 있더라도 부끄러워서 눈을 바라보고 악수하지 못할 거예요
= Even if I have the chance to meet that writer, because I’m shy I won’t be able to look at him in the eyes or shake his hands

조건과 기준을 제대로 맞추더라도 면접을 잘 못 보면 시험에서 떨어질 수도 있어요
= Even if you meet the requirements and standards, if you don’t do well in the interview, you could do poorly on the exam

이 학교에 많은 기여를 했더라도 이 학교 졸업생이 아니라서 아무도 신경 안 썼을 거예요
= Even if I made a lot of contributions to the school, because I’m not a graduate of the school, nobody will care

그 도둑을 잡더라도 이미 그 도둑이 훔친 돈을 다 썼기 때문에 돈을 돌려받을 수 없을 거예요
= Even if you catch that thief, he already spent all the money he stole, so you won’t be able to receive the money

옆에서 공연을 하고 있어서 질서를 지켜 달라고 방송이 나오더라도 아무도 들리지 않을 거예요
= Because of the performance going on next to us, even if there is a broadcast asking to keep the order, nobody will hear it

그 영화에 일부만 보고 나오더라도 이미 영화관에 들어간거기 때문에 영화표 값이 환불이 되지 않아요
= Even if you just watch a part of the movie and come out, because you already went into the theater, you will not be refunded the price of the movie ticket

그 기자가 호텔에 전기가 나가더라도 반드시 일을 오늘까지 마칠 수 있도록 보조 배터리를 준비해 왔어요
= That journalist brought/prepared a spare battery to make sure he finishes his work, even if the electricity goes out in the hotel

~더라도 can be attached to ~았/었 to indicate that even if something had occurred in the past, it doesn’t mean some event would occur. As was discussed in Lesson 48, sentenced used this way are often hypothetical and therefore use the ~았/었을 것이다 ending. For example:

열심히 공부를 했더라도 시험에 떨어졌을 거예요
= Even if I studied really hard for the exam, I would have failed

돈이 있었더라도 그 컴퓨터를 사지 않았을 거예요
= Even if I had money, I wouldn’t have bought that computer

That’s it for this lesson!

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