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Hanja Lesson 53: 量, 容, 重, 計, 過

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In this lesson, you will learn five characters related to weight and measurement.

量 = 량/양 = measure
(Korean name: 헤아릴 량/양)

少量 = a small amount of something
大量 = a large amount of something
分量 = an amount of something
數量 = an amount of something
용量 = capacity (the amount something holds)
熱용量 = heat capacity
질量 = mass
강水量 = amount of rainfall (precipitation)

Again, I would like to explain something as a science teacher. A calorie is actually a unit that measures an amount of heat energy. It excites me to show you what a “calorie” is in Korean using Hanja characters:

熱量 = a calorie

容 = 용 = appearance
(Korean name: 얼굴 용)

內容 = content
容量 = capacity (the amount something holds)
熱量量 = heat capacity
美容室 = hair dresser
容기 = container
容서 = forgiveness


重 = 중 = weight
(Korean name: 무거울 중)

體重 = body weight
重量 = mass
重力 = gravity
所重 = preciousness
重요 = importance
重요性 = importance

I apologize for my science jargon:

重水素 = deuterium (Hydrogen-2)

計 = 계 = count
(Korean name: 셀 계)

生計 = life
小計 = subtotal
時計 = clock
計좌 = bank account
計劃 = plans
計산 = calculating
計산기 = calculator

An electrocardiograph is a machine that, by placing electrodes near one’s heart, can determine the rhythm and beats of your heart. The name in Korean is 心電計, and I want you to notice how closely this resembles the meaning given by the Hanja characters;

Electro = 電
Cardio = 心
Gram = 計


過 = 과 = over
(Korean name: 지날 과)

通過 = passing through
過速 = speeding
過食 = overeating
過度 = excess
過多 = excess
過熱 = overheating
過重 = overweight
過거 = past
過정 = process
사過 = apology
過태料 = fine