Hanja Lesson 26: 光, 明, 華, 電, 特




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In this lesson, you will learn five characters that relate to brightness.

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光 = 광 = Bright, Shine
(Korean name:  빛 광)

In addition to finding this character in many words relating to brightness or light, it is also the first character in the Korean palace “光化門,” which is a popular tourist attraction in Seoul.

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Common Words using this Character:
光化門 = Gwanghwamun
光學 = optics (as a field of study)
光子 = photon
光化學 = photochemistry
日光욕 = sunbathing
관光 = sightseeing
관光地 = tourist area
光合성 = photosynthesis

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明 = 명 =  Bright, Clear
(Korean name:  밝을 명)

In addition to finding this character in many words relating to brightness or clarity, it is also the first character in the popular Korean neighborhood and tourist attraction “明洞.”

Lesson26pic2Common Words using this Character:
文明 = civilization
分明하다 = to be obvious
明洞 = Myeong-dong
변明 = excuse
설明 = explanation
발明 = invention
조明 = light
투明 = transparency

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華 = 화 = Bright, Colorful
(Korean name:  빛날 화)

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Common Words using this Character:
華려하다 = to be fancy, colorful
華사하다 = beautiful




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電 = 전 = Electricity
(Korean name:  번개 전)

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Common Words using this Character:
電子 = electron
電力 = electric power
電철 = subway/metro
電기 = electricity
충電하다 = to charge
電話하다 = to phone
電話기 = telephone

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特 = 특 = Special
(Korean name:  특별할 특)

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Common Words using this Character:
特食 = special meal
特성 = characteristic
特권 = privilege
特허 = patent
特히 = especially
特별하다 = special
特별市 = a special designation that big cities have in Korea

That’s it for this lesson!

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