Hanja Lesson 24: 言, 語, 話, 談, 交




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In this lesson, you will learn five characters that relate to language.

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言 = 언 = Language, words
(Korean name: 말씀 언)

On its own, you will find this character being used in words that refer to language and words. In addition, you will find this being used as part of more complicated characters that also refer to things like speaking, conversations and languages in general.

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Common Words using this Character:
言어 = language
예言 = prophecy
예言者 = prophet
方言 = dialect
증言 = testimony
조言 = advice

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語 = 어 = Language
(Korean name: 말씀 어)

Aside from its many other usages, this is the character used to denote a language. For example, China can be written as 中國, but the Chinese language can be written as 中國語.

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Common Words using this Character:
言語 = language
國語 = national language (Korean)
中國語 = Chinese
外國語 = foreign language
韓國語 = Korean
日本語 = Japanese
영語 = English
語휘 = vocabulary
단語 = word
同의語 = synonym
反의語 = antonym

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話 = 화 = Speak, language
(Korean name: 말씀 화)

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Common Words using this Character:
會話 = conversation
手話 = sign language
대話 = conversation
동話 = fairy tale
신話 = myth
전話하다 = to call
통話하다 = to talk on the phone
담話 = conversation
話제 = topic of conversation

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談 = 담 = Conversation
(Korean name: 말씀 담)

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Common Words using this Character:
談話 = conversation
뒷談話 = talking behind one’s back
면談 = interview
속談 = proverb
상談 = consultation
농談 = joke

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交 = 교 = Exchange, Communicate
(Korean name: 사귈 교)

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Common Words using this Character:
外交 = diplomacy
交환 = exchange
交통 = traffic, transportation
大중交통 = mass transportation

That’s it for this lesson!

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